Following the Amber Road, from Brno to the Baltics

March 7, 2017  

Baltic amber with fossil inclusions

The Amber Road was an ancient trade route stretching from the Baltics to the Adriatic along which precious translucent fossil resin, highly-prized for flashy adornments (especially if it had a nifty bug in it), was swapped for goods and sent south to fill workshops of fastidious jewelry makers with such demanding customers as chieftains, kings, and Pharaohs. Baltic amber necklaces and beads are found scattered across the ancient Mediterranean and Near East; Etruscan well-to-do wouldn’t do without a groovy amber animal pendant, Mycenaeans loved their gold necklaces with exciting amber components, and King Tutankhamun himself picked out a dazzling amber-decked pectoral to spend eternity with.  Museums are covered in them.

Etruscan Ram's Head Pendant 500 to 400 B.C.


Seizing upon this well-trod trade route, FERMAT looked north from its nucleus of factories and assembly halls situated in Brno, Czech Republic, and started carrying its machine-tool manufactures towards the Baltics in exchange not for amber but for other assets, the kind you fold and put in your wallet.  Modern trade flourishes along ancient routes.

The European Amber Road

Out of national pride, the goal has been set to make it at least to the Amber Coast, the name given to the strip of land along the Baltic Sea northwest of Kaliningrad.  The reason being is that Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg) was founded 1 September 1255 by the Teutonic Knights, named in honor of the Bohemian King Ottokar II, whose 60,000 knights crushed the pagan Prussians on frozen marshes and swamps of the Sambian peninsula in a winter battle in 1254.

Bohemian King Otakar II, King of Iron and Gold, Patron Saint of Horizontal Boring Mills

Bohemian King Ottokar II, King of Iron and Gold, Patron Saint of Horizontal Boring Mills.

With its work cut out for it, FERMAT’s sales team trekked north along the Amber Road, delivering table-type and floor-type horizontal boring mills across the region to all those seeking the most powerful and precise machine tools on the market.  In the area of Gdansk, home to a slew of milling and machining operations supporting customers the energy production sector (e.g., GE Power or Siemens), there are many companies now enjoying the benefits of FERMAT horizontal boring mills.  An example is the firm Elzam-Zamech sp. z o.o., which, as advertised on its website, “provides professional and reliable service to marine, power generation and heavy industry.”


Adding to its collection of FERMAT horizontal boring mills (it already owns two, a WRF 160 CNC and a WFT 13 CNC), Elzam-Zamech recently ordered a brand-new FERMAT WFT 15 R CNC, a beefed-up version of FERMAT’s WFT 13 R CNC with all its superb features (including its 730 mm ram stroke), but outfitted with a stronger motor (51 kW) enabling even greater torque, and it has a spindle diameter of 150 mm for larger, more heavy-duty tools required in big-league machining.

With FERMAT horizontal boring mills gracing manufacturing facilities all along the Amber Road from Brno through Gdansk, the next stop is Kaliningrad, just a hop, skip, and a jump away.

Please visit,, for information on the different FERMAT machine tools and accessories that can improve your manufacturing business. Also, try to Build Your Own machine using our on-line configurator found on our homepage, Should you have any enquiries, please send us an e-mail:, or for the U.S. market, e-mail Lucas Precision, a FERMAT Group company:, or call toll-free: 1-800-336-1262, or telephone in the U.S.: (216) 451-5588, or send us a fax (216) 451-5174.